, According to Winternitz, a Buddhist dharani resembles the incantations and mantras found in Hinduism. Name Dharani or (Dharani) means Earth.. Language: Sanskrit, Transliterated script: Chinese. He is best known for directing the blockbuster films Dhill, Dhool and Ghilli. Dharani is written in Hindi as धरणी.  A dhāraṇī can be a mnemonic to encapsulate the meaning of a section or chapter of a sutra. Maha Karuna Dharani Sutra (or Nilakantha Dharani), popularly known as the Great Compassion Mantra (or Da Bei Zhou), is an 84-line chant of Mahayana Buddhist origin, first translated from Sanskrit to Chinese in the 7th century.  The emerging evidence and later scholarship increasingly states that "dharani and ritual procedures were mainstream Mahayana practices" many centuries before the emergence of tantric and esoteric Buddhism and Vajrayana, states McBride. The first council was held in the year Buddha died, but the compiled dhamma consisted of spoken words that were not written down. [...] Usnisa Vijaya Dharani Sutra, translated during the Tang Dynasty by Buddhapala: “The above mantra is known as the Usnisa Vijaya Dharani (Purifying All Evil Paths).  The most significant and popular Mahayana sutras such as the Lotus Sutra, Heart Sutra and others prominently include dharani chapters.  The tradition of printing and distributing the Buddhist dharanis, as well as transliterated Sanskrit sutras, continued in East Asia over the centuries that followed.  Some of the oldest Buddhist religious inscriptions in Stupas (Dagoba, Chörten) are extracts from dharani-genre compositions such as the Bodhigarbhalankaralaksa-dharani.  The dharanis as conceptualized by medieval era Buddhist intellectuals and eminent Chinese monks were an "integral component of mainstream Sinitic Buddhism", states Richard McBride.  The printed Korean text consists of "Chinese characters transliterated from the [Indian] Sanskrit". Dharani name meaning is earth; success and the lucky number associated with is 1. According to Kūkai, a Buddhist mantra is restricted to esoteric Buddhist practice whereas dhāraṇī is found in both esoteric and exoteric rituals.  Empress Shōtoku's million dharanis are among the oldest known printed literature in the world. Dharanis are also considered to protect the one who chants them from malign influences and calamities.  Burnouf, states Davidson, was the first scholar to realise how important and widespread dharani had been in Buddhism sutras and Mahayana texts.  There is very little prescriptive or practical difference between dharani and mantras except that dharani are much longer, states Eugene Burnouf. Ryuichi Abe and Jan Nattier suggest that it is generally understood as a mnemonic device which encapsulates the meaning of a section or chapter of a sutra. Dharani, in Buddhism and Hinduism, a sacred Sanskrit phrase of great efficacy, used as a verbal protective device or talisman and as a support or instrument for concentration.  In 1966, similarly printed dharani were discovered in stone pagoda of Pulguksa temple in Gyeongju, Korea. In the Nara and early Heian period of Japanese history, a monk or nun was tested for their fluency and knowledge of dharanis to confirm whether they are well trained and competent in Buddhist knowledge. This sutra was translated for a total of 8 times from Sanskrit to Chinese between 679-988 CE. The text, states Donald Swearer, includes a "unique dharani in praise of the Buddha" and his victory over the evil Mara. Eye-Opening Sutta) is a Pali chant text used during rites such as the consecration of a Buddha image. Early mentions of dharani in the European literature are from the records left by John of Plano Carpini (1245–7) and William of Rubruck (1254) where they wrote in their respective memoirs that Uighurs and Mongols chanted "Om man baccam", later identified with "Om mani padme hum". The website, which will be live from June 2, will put in place a new … Refers to high levels of mindfulness (smriti) and insight (prajna) derived from spiritual practice. What is the meaning of Dharani ? It demonstrates that dharanis were valued and in use within Buddhist communities before the 1st-century CE, state Charles Prebish and Damien Keown.  In Myanmar, all classes of the Theravada community more widely know about the paritta incantation literature than any other Pali Buddhist work. Mahayana sutras – such as the Lotus Sutra and the Heart Sutra – include or conclude with dharani. The dharanis and mantras overlap because in the Vajrayana tradition. User Submitted Meanings A user from India says the name Dharani means "Earth". Dhaarani is a girl name with meaning The earth, Keeping, Protecting and Number 11. Great Compassion Mantra in English (or Nilakantha Dharani), also known as the Da Bei Zhou (Chinese) or as Maha Karuṇa Dharani is a dharani (similar to a mantra, but longer) of Mahayana Buddhist origin. A special request from Buddha Weekly reader Mr Leung Mitchell John. It can purify all evil paths, completely eliminating all sufferings of beings in the realms of hell, King Yama and animal, destroy all the hells, and transfer sentient beings onto the virtuous path.”. What is the meaning of Dharani?  The Theravada Paritrana texts are equivalent to the Dharani texts in the Mahayana tradition, both providing protective charm through chanting of hymns.  The Indologist Moriz Winternitz concurred in early 20th-century that dharanis constituted a "large and important" part of Mahayana Buddhism, and that they were magic formulae and "protective spells" as well as amulets. It includes spells such as those of the 72,000 spirit kings to protect Buddhist monks, spells of the 120,000 spirit kings to protect the Buddhist nuns, incantations of spirit kings to protect one's surroundings, seals and spells to subdue devils, chants to summon dragon kings to treat infections and remove pests, and seeking rebirth in pure lands of one's desire. , Dhāraṇīs are a form of amulet and believed in the various Buddhist traditions to deliver protection from malign influences and calamities. Then they should take these copies of the charms, place them inside the pagoda, and make offerings at the pagoda. Showing page 1. According to Paul Copp, one of the earliest attestable literary mandate about writing dharanis as an effective spell in itself is found in a Chinese text dated between 317 and 420 CE.  According to Jose Cabezon, in the tantric traditions, mantra (sngags) is all knowledge and the mind of all the Buddhas, that which possesses the dharma-dhatu (essence of dhamma). Their appointment letters listed the sutras and dharanis that he or she could recite from memory. Dharani, the much-awaited website of the Telangana Revenue department, will soon be launched. གཟུངས་, zung; Wyl. Find all the relevant details about the meaning, origin, lucky number and religion is available in this page. This dharani chapter, states Buswell, "encodes (dharayati) the important meanings, without forgetting them, and it reminds and codes the points to remember.  Other than such scant remarks, little was known about the Dharani-genre of literature or its value in Buddhism till the mid-19th-century colonial era, when Brian Hodgson began buying Sanskrit and related manuscripts in Nepal, Tibet and India for a more thorough scholarship, often at his personal expense. Meaning of Hindu Girl name Dharani is The Earth; Keeping; Protecting. A ritsuryo code for Buddhist clerics dated 718 CE, promulgated by the Nara government in Japan, forbid the use of dharani for any unauthorized medical treatment, military and political rebellion. Some non-Sanskrit-speaking Wayists learn the meaning of the adoration in …  The first part states its significance as follows (Japanese version of the Chinese text): People who wish to perform the ceremony for it should, on the 8th, 13th, 14th or 15th day of the month, walk round and round the pagoda containing the relics a full seventy-seven times, with it on their right, reciting this charm [dhāraṇī] also seventy-seven times: they should build an altar and keep its surface clean. Scholars disagree on whether the evidence implies these were printed in Korea or China. By the 9th-century, the era of mass printing and the sale of books had begun covering additional subjects such as "astrology, divination of dreams, alchemy, and geomancy". The Great Compassion Mantra is bestowed upon us by Kuan Yin so that we might overcome our suffering … Read the name meaning, origin, pronunciation, and popularity of the baby name Dharanie for girls.  According to the East Asian Buddhism studies scholar Paul Copp, some Buddhist communities outside India sometimes refer to dharanis with alternate terms such as "mantra, hṛdaya (hridiya), paritrana (paritta), raksha (Pali: rakkha), gutti, or vidyā" though these terms also have other contextual meanings in Buddhism. However bad any circumstance may be these people have a unique quality to turn every bad into positive.  These were mass-produced as a set consisting of miniature hollow wooden pagodas each containing a printed dharani prayer or charm in Sanskrit on thick paper strips.  For example, the Vajrasamadhi-sutra – a Korean Buddhist text likely composed in the 7th century by an unknown monk, one important to the Ch'an (Zen Buddhism) tradition in East Asia, the Dharani chapter is the eighth (second last), with a brief conversational epilogue between the Tathagata Buddha and Ananda being the last chapter. , Dharani are found in the ancient texts of all major traditions of Buddhism. , The Japanese Buddhist monk Kūkai drew a distinction between dhāraṇī and mantra and used it as the basis of his theory of language.  The Japanese Horiuzi manuscript of Prajna paramita hrdaya sutra and Usnisha Vijaya dharani dated to 609 CE illustrate both, with the latter being only invocations consisting of meaningless series of syllables. However, the dharanis were not unique to esoteric Mahayana texts.  According to Tsien Tsuen-Hsuin, the Korean dharani scrolls were printed after the era of Empress Wu in China, and these date "no earlier than 704 CE, when the translation of the sutra was finished, and no later than 751, when the building of the temple and stupa was completed". , The Megha-Sutra is an example of an ancient Mahayana magico-religious text.  According to Skilling, these "protective Buddhist literature" are used by both the monks and the laypeople of Theravada countries. The three historic ritual practices of the Theravada community include the Buddha puja (triratna rite), the Five Precepts ceremony (pancasil), and the protective chanting of Paritrana (paritta). Dhaarani meaning - Astrology for Baby Name Dhaarani with meaning The earth, Keeping, Protecting. Definition funny of Dharani: an elephant. Tuṭṭe, tuṭṭe–vuṭṭe, vuṭṭe–paṭṭe, paṭṭe–kaṭṭe, kaṭṭe–amale,  In Buddhism, a dharani has been believed to have magical virtues and a means to earn merit to offset the past karma, allay fear, diseases and disasters in this life, and for a better rebirth. ", The early hypothesis of dharani entering Buddhist texts later was shared by Asian scholars such as Daisetz Teitarō Suzuki who wrote in 1932 while translating the, According to Joseph Kitagawa, Atanatiya Suttanta (, The Sanskrit language is the source language of sacred dharani chants in Buddhism in many other scripts. English Note On English Translation of Dharanis: Dharanis are not normally translated as they really have no meaning other than as mantras or ‘spells’ – very much in the same way the ‘English’ word “abracadabra” has no meaning. The 8th-century, a Buddhist mantra is restricted to esoteric Mahayana texts Lord of Heaven, there is a girl! 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